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Last updated: 14/04/2011, 1:49 CH - View: 3567
Develop coastal EZ of Vietnam

Since when the first coastal EZ (Chu Lai open EZ) was established in 2003, up to now, there have been 15 EZs, including 2 EZs which belong to Red River Delta, they were Van Don (Quang Ninh), Dinh Vu – Cat Hai (Hai Phong); 10 EZs of Central coastal region are Nghi Son (Thanh Hoa), East Southern Nghe An (Nghe An), Vung Ang (Ha Tinh), Chan May -Lang Co (Thua Thien Hue), Chu Lai (Quang Nam), Dung Quat (Quang Ngai), Nhon Hoi (Binh Dinh), Van Phong (Khanh Hoa), Hon La (Quang Binh), South Phu Yen (Phu Yen) and 3 EZs of Mekong Delta are Phu Quoc Island EZ and Nam An Thoi Island Cluster (Kien Giang), Dinh An (Tra Vinh) and Nam Can (Ca Mau). The total planned area of 15 EZs is 662,249ha


Up to now, EZs all over the country attract 700 investment projects domestically and internationally with total registered capital of 33 billion USD and 330,000 billion VND. In which, some large-scale and important projects at Nghi Son EZ, Vung Ang EZ, Dung Quat EZ such as oil refining IP, heavy mechanic Doosan (Dung Quat), Steel and Cast IP and deep-water port Son Duong, Nghi Son heated electricity factory, Vung Ang, Van Phong international transport port.
Currently, beside 9 EZs Chu Lai, Dung Quat, Nhon Hoi, Nghi Son, Vung Ang, Chan May - Lang Co, Van Phong, Van Don, Nam Phu Yen has basically finished the overall planning, detailed planning process of functional areas and construct technological-social infrastructure, constructing rehabitted areas. Other EZs are in planning period, preparing conditions for project design and mobilizing investment capital for infrastructure, accelerating the clearance process.
Structure and EZ development policy are gradually fulfilled in the direction of classification for EZ board of management; it is stabilizing operated system and implemented assigned functions.
Generally speaking, EZs, especially which effectively operate (Nghi Son, Vung Ang, Dung Quat…) are contributing significantly to the socio-economic development of local area, shifting economic structure according to regional economic industrialization.
However, development level of socio-economic activities in EZs is not synchronized. In which, detailed planning for functional area is limited, not-yet-synchronized implementation. The task of socio-economic infrastructure construction is always slow; having difficulties in clearance process, thus, do not meet the rate of progress. Labor in EZ is insufficient in both quantity and quality. Investment structure in EZ is not really suitable, some EZs are not good at attracting investment, land surplus still happens. The problems of house, living and working conditions of labor in EZs have not solved completely…
In the coming period, EZs need to make more positive movements, step by step improving weaknesses.
First of all, higher quality in EZ planning is required especially the verified plan. EZ plan goes along with urban, habitant area and linkage branches planning; focused on developing technological infrastructure (along-sea routes, sea ports, aviation ports…), system of socio-economic services…
Being focused on attracting fields and branches related which have high capacity of high technology and regional comparative advantage, suitable for strengths, economic conditions of each EZ. Besides large-scale industrial basis, associated with seaports and resources (petrol, seafoods…), the extension of tourism types, resorts, luxurious entertainment areas in Central famous beaches can be done.
Constructing and synchronizing functional areas in EZ such as commerce-import and export, specialized industrial clusters, training centers, services and habitant areas… create linkage and cooperation among branches.
Development orientation for coastal EZ up to 2015: EZs attract about 1000 – 1100 investment projects, in which 450 – 500 foreign investment projects and 550 – 600 domestic projects with total registered capital of 45 – 47 billion USD and 240 – 260 trillion VND. These EZs will contribute total GDP about 5%, creating non-agriculture jobs for 300 – 500 thousand labors.
In order to achieve these goals, it is required to accomplish structure and policies of EZs, improve EZ’s Board of Management, implement administrative procedures, and accelerate National program of EZ investment promotion, mobilize investment capital (FDI, ODA, state budget, domestic individual capital…).


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